The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) was established in 1969.
Prior to ISRO’s formation, space research activities in India were carried out by the Indian National Committee for Space Research (INCOSPAR), which was formed in 1962.
Here is a brief history of ISRO’s establishment:
- In 1961, the Indian National Committee for Space Research (INCOSPAR) was formed under the Department of Atomic Energy. INCOSPAR carried out initial space research activities in India.
- In 1962, the first Indian satellite program was launched with the help of the United States. It was known as the Aryabhata Satellite project.
- In 1969, INCOSPAR was replaced by the newly formed Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO).
- ISRO was established with the vision to develop and harness space technology for national development.
- ISRO was brought directly under the Department of Space and made accountable to the Indian parliament.
- Dr. Vikram Sarabhai is considered the father of the Indian space program and founder of ISRO.
So in summary, before ISRO was established in 1969, space research in India was carried out by the Indian National Committee for Space Research (INCOSPAR) since 1962.
ISRO succeeded INCOSPAR and took the Indian space program to greater heights.