CBP is a commonly used acronym in relation to border security and immigration in the United States. But what does CBP stand for? Let’s find out the full form and role of CBP.
Full Form of CBP
CBP stands for U.S. Customs and Border Protection.
It is a federal law enforcement agency under the Department of Homeland Security in the United States.
History of CBP
CBP was established in 2003 under the Department of Homeland Security after the abolishment of the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS).
It combined customs, border, and immigration personnel, functions, and assets from various federal departments.
Role of CBP
As a law enforcement agency, the major responsibilities of CBP include:
- Securing and facilitating trade and travel at U.S. borders
- Enforcing import and export regulations
- Combating terrorism and unlawful entry of people/goods
- Detecting smuggling and trafficking of people, drugs, contraband
- Inspecting people and goods at ports of entry
- Maintaining border patrol on land and marine environments
CBP Officers Duties
CBP officers are deployed at airports, seaports, and land borders to:
- Screen travelers and inspect documentation
- Prevent contraband from entering the country
- Detect customs/immigration violations
- Make arrests for illegal activities
In summary, CBP or U.S. Customs and Border Protection is responsible for securing American borders and facilitating lawful trade and travel.