SIT stands for Special Investigation Team. It is a special committee appointed to investigate a particular case when the existing investigative agency is unable to conduct an appropriate investigation.
Overview of Special Investigation Teams
A Special Investigation Team (SIT) is composed of trained law enforcement officers specialized in probing complex crimes.
SITs are deployed when:
- The current investigative agency cannot conduct a fair probe in the case
- The case involves high profile individuals who may influence the current agency’s investigation
If the court finds the existing agencies are compromised, biased, under-resourced, or facing bureaucratic hurdles, it orders an SIT to take over the investigation.
How SITs Function
- The Supreme Court of India or a state government appoints the SIT.
- The SIT thoroughly investigates the case and submits a report to the court.
- The report goes through all levels of appeal for review.
- The court has the authority to accept or reject the SIT’s recommendations.
- If the court rejects the report, the appeal jury decides the future course of action.
So in summary, Special Investigation Teams are appointed to probe sensitive cases when conventional agencies are unable to carry out fair investigations. The SIT submits its findings directly to the courts.
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